The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. In 2003, Musharraf called for a ceasefire during the LoC. India endorsed his proposal and on 25 November put into effect a ceasefire agreement, the first formal ceasefire since the beginning of the insurgency in Kashmir. U.S. President Donald Trump`s recent statement on plausible mediation in the Kashmir dispute — between India and Pakistan — has once again shed light on the 1972 shimla agreement. According to historian Ramachandra Guha, India wanted a « comprehensive treaty to resolve all outstanding issues, » while Pakistan preferred a « piecemeal approach. » Although India wanted a treaty, it got a deal because of the hard deals made by the Pakistanis.
The Simla Agreement, signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was much more than a peace treaty intended to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. troop withdrawals and prisoner-of-war exchanges). This was a great blue pressure for good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. Under the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to engage in conflicts and confrontations that have affected past relations and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. The Simla Agreement contains a number of guiding principles on which India and Pakistan have agreed and which both sides would respect in managing relations between them. These emphasize respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other; non-interference in the internal affairs of the other; respect for unity, political independence; sovereign equality; and swear hostile propaganda. In April 1972, the two countries showed their propensity for dialogue through press releases and talks were opened at the first level. Finally, it was agreed that talks between the President of Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, and Indra Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, would begin on 28 June 1972.
Simla Agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the President of Pakistan, for example, Mr Bhutto, in Simla on 2 July 1972. While in Kashmir, only « maintaining the line of control » was the spokesman, a clause was added to India`s insistence that the two countries would only settle their differences by « peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other mutually agreed peaceful means, » Guha writes. . . .