The Provisional IRA announces the end of its armed campaign (2005) Blair and Ahern`s agreement to restore decentralisation (2006) The St Andrews Agreement (2006) The Journey (2016 film) The assembly was suspended on 14 October 2002 and Northern Ireland returned from Westminster to Rule Direct. This was the second major suspension, the first between February and May 2000. This suspension lasted until May 8, 2007. It was reinstated following the St Andrews agreement in St Andrews, Scotland, in October 2006. The joint statement of 13 October stated that the governments had « asked the parties, after hearing from their members, to confirm their agreement by 10 November ». In a statement, Sinn Féin said that « on 6 November, Sinn Féin Ard Chomhairle instructed the party leadership to follow the course of action taken in St Andrews and to continue the ongoing negotiations to resolve the outstanding issues » and that they are « firmly convinced that all outstanding difficulties can be resolved. » According to the DUP statement, « As Sinn Féin is not yet ready to take the decisive step in police work, the DUP will not be obliged to engage on any aspect of power-sharing before that certainty. » While neither statement « accepted » the agreement, both governments stated that there was sufficient support from all parties to continue the process. The Northern Ireland Assembly was revoked on 15 May 2006 and was given until November to elect an executive. However, Paisley, the leader of the Unionist assembly and a likely candidate for prime minister, remained stubborn that he would never share power with Sinn Fein. In the summer of 2006, at a meeting of the Orange Order: The Northern Ireland (St Andrews Agreement) Act 2006, which implemented the agreement, he gave his royal approval on 22 November 2006.
He defined principles designed to give power to a new assembly with a conocratic constitution. The police service would be reorganized to allow equal participation of the two communities. Further measures would be taken to address social and economic inequalities. However, the DUP was not a signatory and continued to oppose the initiative. However, referendums north and south of the border approved the agreement. The new Assembly and the Executive for Power Sharing were created in December 1999 with David Trimble as Prime Minister. In October 2002, labour relations within the executive were broken by all parties and Britain suspended decentralisation. It was now imperative to resolve the remaining problems between the two parties.
An important issue was Sinn Féin`s recognition of the new police service, but it was also important to bring Ian Paisley`s DUP to the table. In 2005, when the DUP called for a renegotiation of the Belfast Agreement during the election campaign, the DUP won more seats than the Trimble UUP. This meant that Paisley, known for his anti-Catholic beliefs, had the pretension to become prime minister. The fact that the largest loyalist party remains outside the process would not be democratic.