Sometimes the motivation is to increase day-to-day control and have direct access to the accounts and day-to-day management of the business. This should always be viewed with caution, as it can be a strong factor in agreeing to bidders and creating conflicts. For example, the public/public authority may be required to participate in debts resulting from an early termination of the contract. There may be clear conflicts of interest between the « customer » and the shareholder. The designated director of the government/public agency has an obligation to the company that could put it in a difficult situation, particularly with regard to the confidentiality of information and the strategy of organization/company in the resolution of disputes/cessations. For example, proposals have been made to bring justice to displaced people for income from the rehabilitation of their neighbourhoods, after New Orleans was devastated by Hurricane Katrina and the floods that followed. The intention was to give people who have lost their homes and livelihoods a chance to reap the benefits of new businesses and wealth that would come to the city through reconstruction efforts. It would also make the inhabitants more participatory in the decision-making process for the revitalization of their territories. As a general rule, participation rights do not confer minority rights that are generally conferred by shares, unless otherwise agreed upon. In particular, participation rights do not confer voting rights or participation rights at the issuer`s general meeting. Location statistics contain quarterly data on cross-border assets and liabilities held by banks in 35 reporting countries vis-à-vis banks and non-banks in other countries in all currencies.
It also covers assets and commitments to residents in foreign currency. The data are broken down by instrument: loans and deposits, bonds and other assets and liabilities (including portfolio assets and direct investment assets). There is also a breakdown by main currency, by counterparty sector (banks and non-banks) and by country of residence of the counterparty (including about 200 counterparty countries). The earliest year for which data are available is 1977, but some countries have begun reporting later. Consolidated banking statistics are similar, but instead of breaking them down by the counterparty`s country of residence, they are broken down by country of nationality of the reporting bank after eliminating intragroup positions. In other words, the consolidated statistics are based on the country where the reporting bank`s headquarters are located and scan the inter-office positions to cover exposures on unrelated counterparties. For example, if a Uk branch of Santander (a Spanish group) granted sterling loans to British households, the location data would not register the transaction as a national loan. On the other hand, the consolidated data would record the transaction as Spain`s asset in the United Kingdom. When a UK branch of Santander grants loans to a Spanish household, the transaction would be recorded as UK asset in Spain in the location data, but would not be recorded in consolidated data.