The agreement commits all countries to reduce their emissions and cooperate to adapt to the effects of climate change and calls on countries to strengthen their commitments over time. The agreement provides developed countries with a means to assist developing countries in their mitigation and adaptation efforts, while establishing a framework for monitoring and reporting transparently on developing countries` climate goals. Even before the signing of the Paris Agreement, the European Union played a crucial role in bringing together developed and developing countries, taking part in the Paris conference in December 2015 and approving the climate change agreement that emerged from the meeting. (How the EU Helped Build the Ambition Coalition (January 20, 2015), STORIFY.) At the time of the conference, the majority of participating states had already developed a document outlining their « planned national contributions » (INDC) to reducing greenhouse gas emissions for a period of five to ten years from 2020; these INDCs were presented at the conference. (Questions and answers on the Paris Agreement, EUROPA (the last visit took place on 5 October 2016).) The EU and its Member States were the first major economies to introduce INDCs, reflecting their commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030. (European Commission, Council decision proposal on the conclusion of the European Union Convention on the Un Convention on Climate Change, COM (2016) 395 final (10 June 2016), EUR-LEX.) The rules of the Paris Agreement contain detailed rules and guidelines for the implementation of the pioneering global agreement adopted in 2015, which covers all key areas, including transparency, finance, climate change and adaptation. On 30 September 2016, EU Council environment ministers approved the agreement at an extraordinary council meeting in Brussels. (Press release, European Commission, ministers approve EU ratification of the Paris Agreement, EUROPE (30 September 2016).) The Council also had to obtain the european Parliament`s compliant opinion, which was given on 4 October. On the same day, the Council adopted its final decision on the signing of the agreement, which is the final step in reaching agreements at EU level.
(s. 218, No. 6 bis)) On 7 October 2016, the decision was paid to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Eu ratification will come into force on the date the decision is tabled. (Press release, Consilium, Climate Change: Council adopts decision on EU ratification of the Paris Agreement, EUROPA (4 October 2016). Miguel Arias Caéete, European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy, said: « In Europe and as united Europeans, we have reached a balanced agreement on the rules for covering the Paris agreement. The EU has played a key role in achieving this and has worked with allies in both developed and developing countries and major economies, particularly China, to increase its ambitions and intensify global efforts to combat climate change. We responded to the urgency of science by positively acknowledging the IPCC`s special report on global warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius.